The guns fired a 885 kg (1,951 lb) armor-piercing (AP) shell at a muzzle velocity of 870 meters per second (2,854 ft/s). The barbettes were 350 mm (14 in) above the upper deck and 280 mm (11 in) below deck. In service, however, the ships averaged 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph). The second is the caliber, ... Our first idea was that it was the same as the Littorio class. The lower two levels had 250 mm (9.8 in) and 200 mm (7.9 in) respectively, all mounted on 10 mm (0.39 in) plating. After which she was sent to hunt the British and Free French Mediterranean fleets. The armor scheme was nothing special, and … International Naval Research Organization, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Littorio-class_battleship&oldid=1007694593, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph), Standard: 40,724 t (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons), Full load: 45,236 t (44,522 long tons; 49,864 short tons), This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 12:58. Over the machinery spaces, the main armor deck was 100 mm (3.9 in) on 12 mm plating inboard and 90 mm (3.5 in) on 12 mm plating outboard. During the battle, Littorio struck and seriously damaged the destroyers HMS Havock and Kingston with her main guns, nearly destroying Kingston, which managed to limp back to Malta the following morning. The third ship of the Littorio class, Roma displaced 42,000 tons, could make 32 knots, and carried nine The belt consists of a 70 mm (2.8 in) homogeneous armor outer plate and the 280 mm (11 in) cemented armor belt placed 250 mm (9.8 in) behind the outer plate; the 250 mm gap was filed with a cement foam called "Cellulite" to keep the water out of the gap and assist in de-capping armor piercing shells. [7] This was ultimately abandoned in favor of a 35,000 ton design to be armed with 406 mm guns. She was launched on 15 November 1939, but she was never completed. She was then attacked by torpedo bombers from HMS Formidable; the first wave failed, but the second scored a single hit each on both Vittorio Veneto and the heavy cruiser Pola. By 1930, Germany had begun to build the three Deutschland-class ships, armed with six 280 mm (11 in) guns, and France had in turn laid down two Dunkerque-class battleships to counter them. Vittorio Veneto displaced 40,517 t (39,877 long tons; 44,662 short tons) and 45,029 t (44,318 long tons; 49,636 short tons), respectively. The three active battleships were transferred to Malta before they were to be interned in Alexandria. Able to elevate to 32 degrees, they fired a 29.3 kg (65 lb) semi-fixed round out to an effective range of 5,000 m (16,400 ft). The convoy was transporting supplies to the island of Malta. [49], Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta, where they remained until 14 September, when they were transferred to Alexandria. While en route to Malta, German bombers attacked the fleet with Fritz X radio-guided bombs, damaging Italia and sinking Roma. Join us … Both countries rejected British proposals to limit new battleship designs to 25,000 long tons (25,000 t) and 305 mm (12.0 in) guns. [19] Shell rooms were located below the propellant magazines beneath the gun house in the turret structure. On 9 September 1943 – the day following the announcement of the Italian armistice – the Italian fleet was attacked by German bombers. She was part of the 1938 Naval Expansion Program with Roma. The largest class of Italian warships, she was basically an upscaled Littorio when it came to hull design. On 31 August - 2 September 1940, Littorio sortied as part of a large Italian force to oppose British naval forces taking part in Operations Hats and "MB.3", but contact was not made and no action occurred.A similar outcome resulted from the movement against British Operation "MB.5" on 29 September - 1 October. Repairs lasted until July. On 6 June 1946, Vittorio Veneto steamed to Augusta in Sicily, where, under the Treaty of Peace with Italy, she was allocated to Britain. [14] Changes to the design and a lack of armor plating led to delays in the building schedule, causing a three-month slip in the launch date from the original plan of May 1937. [41] In February, Vittorio Veneto, Andrea Doria and Giulio Cesare attempted to attack what was believed to be a Malta convoy. Franco concluded several agreements with the Italian government that would have seen the building of four Littorio-class battleships in Spain. The two ships were repeatedly torpedoed throughout their careers: Littorio was hit by a torpedo during the attack on Taranto in November 1940 and again in June 1942; Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed during the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941 and while escorting a convoy to North Africa in September 1941. She was sponsored by Signora Teresa Ballerino Cabella, the wife on an Ansaldo employee. [14] The hull space above the citadel was an armored casemate with 70 mm (2.8 in) plating. Nov 15, 2019 - Explore Sam Stewart's board "Italian battleships" on Pinterest. They had a rate of fire of 12 rounds per minute and had a ceiling of approximately 10,800 m (35,400 ft). The digital art may be purchased as wall art, home decor, apparel, phone cases, greeting cards, and more. To accomplish this, they supplemented the 280mm (11″) main armoured belt with decapping plates mounted over it. While her sister was being repaired, she took over flagship duties and was transferred to Naples. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships … [17], Littorio's design speed was 29 kn (33 mph; 54 km/h) at full-load. It is a fast battleship, agile and forceful by the bow 9 x 341 mm In comparison, the French. Littorio displaced 40,724 metric tons (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons) as designed and 45,236 t (44,522 long tons; 49,864 short tons) at full load. An evolution of the original larger design proposals for the Littorio class armed with 16 inch guns (M1936/39), which were still being updated after the Littorios' launch as a potential follow-up with improved AA, torpedo protection and machinery as response to future British and French battleship plans. [13] As built, the ships were fitted with bulbous bows to increase their speed, but they were found to cause serious vibration, which forced a modification to the bow. The design studies of what was to become the Littorio class was headed by Inspector-General of Naval Engineering, Umberto Pugliese. Certain elements not to scale. The system was designed to protect the ship from torpedo warheads up to 350 kg (770 lb). They were Italy's first modern battleships, and the first 35,000 ton capital ships of any nation to be built under the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty. 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