The early interaction between the Lenape and Dutch traders in the 17th century was primarily through the fur trade; specifically, the Lenape trapped and traded beaver pelts for European-made goods. Children and adults are equally mesmerized by the ooey, stretchy, and colorful… Read more, Our current exhibition Home Sweet Home: Is a Home a Sanctuary? Stockbridge-Munsee Community, Bowler, Wisconsin. First Contact with Europeans: The first recorded contact with Europeans presumed to have been the Lenape was in 1524. Over a period of 250 years, many Lenape people were removed and dispersed throughout the country. Some took refuge with other tribes. Despite being the first Indian tribe to sign a treaty with the American government, most Lanape were relocated to Oklahoma in the mid-1800s. The mother’s eldest brother was more significant as a mentor to the male children than was their father, who was generally of another clan. Their lands also extended west from western Long Island and New York Bay, across the Lower Hudson Valley in New York into the lower Catskills and a sliver of the upper edge of the North Branch Susquehanna River. CMA’s free Community Programs bring outstanding arts education to underserved children and families in NYC. In 1682, William Penn and Quaker colonists created the English colony of Pennsylvania beginning at the lower Delaware River. The Lenape who produced wampum in the vicinity of Manhattan Island temporarily forestalled the negative effects of the decline in trade. Delaware Nation, Anadarko, Oklahoma. This allowed tribes such as the Nanticoke-Lenni Lenape Indians of New Jersey to establish community agencies that, among other things, permits them to establish cultural instructional centers to teach younger Lenapes about the tribe’s spiritualism. Today, only elders speak the language—although some young Lenape youth and adults learn the ancient language. In May, the Lenape planted kidney beans near the maize plants; the latter served as props for the climbing bean vines. Sunflowers, herbs, and some tobacco were also planted. lenape tribe facts October 12, 2020UncategorizedNo Comments The Lenape called themselves 'Lenni-Lenape' (also recorded as Leni-Lenape), which literally means 'men of men', but is translated to mean 'original people'. We are a member of the Confederation of Sovereign Nentego-Lenape Tribes, which is an intertribal union between our Tribe and the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Indian Tribe (headquartered in Bridgeton, New Jersey) with which we are historically and genealogically interrelated. Today, Lenape communities live all across North America. The Lenape were the first tribe to sign a treaty with the United States and the first tribe to have land set aside for them in New Jersey. By Leah Alexander-These are not my pictures and music i do not own- Although Penn endeavored to live peaceably with the Lenape and to create a colony that would do the same, he also expected his authority and that of the colonial government to take precedence. The Lenape tribe in our area lived along the Delaware River. Iroquoian peoples occasionally fought the Lenape. 17th Century: New Amsterdam was founded in 1624 by the Dutch in what would later become New York City. Traditionally they were divided into the Munsee, Unami, and Unalachtigo, three social divisions determined by language and location. 2 The Lenape who inhabited the land that became … In the decades immediately following, some 20,000 new colonists arrived in the region, putting pressure on Lenape settlements and hunting grounds. The first residents of Lower Manhattan were the Lenape People, and they called the island Manahatta, meaning hilly island. The first residents of Lower Manhattan were the Lenape People, and they called the island. On May 21, 1758, 10-year-old Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, by Lenape Indians; she becomes an icon of the French and Indian War. In 1634, the Iroquoian-speaking Susquehannock went to war with the Lenape over access to trade with the Dutch at New Amsterdam. Along with the yellow corn you might be familiar with growing, red, blue, white, and multicolored corn are cultivated and prepared in many different ways. The Lenape invented the tasty movie theater treat, popcorn! They have also established support programs for such students by establishing a scholarship fund. The explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was greeted by local Lenape who came by canoe, after his ship entered what is now called Lower New York Bay. Some of their place names, such as Manhattan, Raritan, and Tappan were adopted by Dutch and English colonists to identify the Lenape people that lived there. But, such leaders as Teedyuscung in the east and Tamaqua in the vicinity of modern Pittsburgh shifted to building alliances with the English. During the decades of the 18th century, most Lenape were pushed out of their homeland by expanding European colonies. They are recognized by the state of New Jersey, having reorganized and maintained elected governments since the 1970s. Traditional Lenape lands, the Lenapehoking, was a large territory that encompassed the Delaware Valley of eastern Pennsylvania especially the Poconos and New Jersey from the north bank Lehigh River along the left bank Delaware thence south into Delaware and the Delaware Bay. Their focus has been placed on encouraging students to pursue college degrees. means “corn,” and the Lenape have cultivated and prepared over 12 varieties. Penn gained a reputation for benevolence and tolerance, but his efforts resulted in more effective colonization of the ancestral Lenape homeland than previous ones. The name Manhattan itself comes from their language. An overview of the Lenape worldview and belief system including several legends and traditional stories. with a presentation by Dennis J. Coker, Principal Chief of the Lenape Indian Tribe of Delaware. Where subways now rumble and skyscrapers soar, the Lenape harvested oysters, fished and gardened. Thanks to you, we serve over 57,000 NYC children free of charge each year. Trying to raise money, they contemplated ways to sell Lenape land to colonial settlers. The walking trail ran north from what is now Battery Park all the way to Boston. Their land, called Lenapehoking, included all of what is now New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania, southeastern New York State, northern Delaware and a small section of southeastern Connecticut. They are as follows: This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The Lenape (English: or ), also called the Lenni Lenape and the Delaware, are an indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in Canada and the United States. There are two federally recognized Lenape tribes in Oklahoma: the Delaware Tribe of Indians and the Delaware Tribe of Western Oklahoma. Let’s learn together at the Indigenous Cultural Festival on Sunday, November 4th! Learn more at, 6 Fun Facts About Flubber (Plus a Recipe to Make Your Own! Posted on Last updated: April 30, 2020 By: Author Russell Yost. Although the Unami and Munsee speakers people are related, they consider themselves as distinct, as they used different words and lived on opposite sides of the Kitatinny Mountains of modern Pennsylvania. At the time of the Revolutionary War, the Lenape villages lay between the western frontier strongholds of the British and the Patriots: the American colonists had Fort Pitt and the British with Indian allies controlled the area of Fort Detroit. His heirs, John and Thomas Penn, and their agents were running the colony, and had abandoned many of the elder Penn’s practices. They defeated the Lenape, and some scholars believe that the Lenape may have become tributaries to the Susquehannock. Today, Lenape communities live all across North America. The Lenape Indian Tribe of Delaware formed a constitutional Tribal Government in March, 2010. prompts us to reflect on the idea of "home" in relation to the neighborhoods, cultures, and communities that form the basis of our identities as New Yorkers. Dutch settler David de Vries, who stayed in the area from 1634 to 1644, described a Lenape hunt in the valley of the Achinigeu-hach (or “Ackingsah-sack,” the Hackensack River), in which one hundred or more men stood in a line many paces from each other, beating thigh bones on their palms to drive animals to the river, where they could be killed easily. Other methods of hunting included lassoing and drowning deer, as well as forming a circle around prey and setting the brush on fire. The Lenape suffered similar fate as the other natives and were continually pushed west. In the 1860s, the United States government sent most Lenape remaining in the eastern United States to the Indian Territory(present-day Oklahoma and surrounding territory) under the Indian removal policy. The Lenape were divided into three bands or sub-tribes: the Minsi (or Munsee, “People of the Stone Country”) inhabited the northern part of Pennsylvania, the Unami (“People Who Live Down-River”) inhabited the central region of Pennsylvania, and the Unalachtigo (“People Who Live by the Ocean”) inhabited the southern area of Pennsylvania. They had permanent, seasonal settlements with social and political organizations. Stockbridge-Munsee Community, Bowler, Wisconsin. Representing the ‘First People of the First State,’ the Lenape Indian Tribe is located in northern Kent County in and around the town of Cheswold. (len-AH-pay) means “the people.” The Lenape speak an Algonquian family language, one of over 20 families of languages in North America. The Lenni Lenape (Len-na Len-NAW-pay) people (also called the Delaware Indians) are in the ALGONQUIN language group. Lenape, meaning “the people” or “true people” are the original native New Yorkers and their home was known to them as Lenapehoking. If you've visited stART Studio at CMA, you know that the flubber table is one of our most popular activities. We invite you to learn Lenape words in our Sound Booth workshop, the first language spoken in Lower Manhattan! The Lenape also called the Lenni Lenape and the Delaware, are an indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in Canada and the United States. Hereditary leadership passed through the maternal line, and women elders could remove leaders of whom they disapproved. Nov 12, 2018 - Explore Joan Bonavita's board "Lenape Tribe" on Pinterest. Name: The Lenape Indians are also called the Leni Lenape, the Lenni-Lenape, and the Delaware Indians.They are all the same tribe. CMA is a non-profit art museum introducing children and families to contemporary art exhibitions and art-making workshops. ), 6 NYC Museums That Explore Identity and Community, 6 Fun Places to View Art in NYC’s Chinatown Neighborhood, Sign up to get updates and special invitations. To help us get ready, here are some fun facts about the Lenape People and the native language passed down over many generations. 18th Century – Today: William Penn died in 1718. We learned about the Lenape in Lower Manhattan from the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution, a museum located just south of CMA in Manhattan. Lenape leaders in the lower Delaware refused to accept it. The Lenape and Susquehannocks fought a war in the middle of the 17th century that left the Delaware a tributary state even as the Susquehannocks had defeated the Province of Maryland between 1642-50s. As the 18th century progressed, many surviving Lenape moved west—into the (relatively empty) upper Ohio River basin. The Lenni Lenape earns the status as the First Nations band government in Canada. During the American Revolution, the Munsee-speaking Lenape bands of the Ohio Country were deeply divided over which side, if any, to take in the conflict. After the Dutch arrival in the 1620s, the Lenape were successful in restricting Dutch settlement until the 1660s to Pavonia in present-day Jersey City along the Hudson. The Lenape would petition for grievances on the basis that not all their families had been recognized in the transaction (not that they wanted to “share” the land). Women cultivated varieties of maize, squash and beans, and did most of the fieldwork, processing and cooking of food. , a nonprofit organization founded and maintained by Native American artists and educators residing in the New York City area, to present workshops inspired by traditional and contemporary arts practices from the Indigenous community. They quickly adopted European metal tools for this task. Algonquian Spirit: Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Delaware and other Algonquian tribes. Delaware Tribe: History of the Lenape Indians in Ohio. We invite you to learn Lenape words in our Sound Booth workshop, the first language spoken in Lower Manhattan! The Lenape (len-AH-pay) or Delaware Indians lived in an area they called “Lenapehoking,” which means “Land of the Lenape.” Their land included all of what is now New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania, southeastern New York State, northern Delaware and a CIVICKIDS is sponsored by Google. The men wore breechclouts and moccasins, with leggings and a robe to cover themselves in cold weather. The Unami and Munsee languages belong to the Eastern Algonquian language group. CMA’s Indigenous Peoples Cultural Festival will be held on Sunday, November 4th. From the early 1600s, the European settlers called the Lenape people 'Delaware Indians', although there was never a single tribe called either Delaware or Lenape. After the warfare, the Lenape referred to the Susquehannock as “uncles.” The Iroquois added the Lenape to the Covenant Chain in 1676; the Lenape were tributary to the Five Nations (later Six) until 1753, shortly before the outbreak of the French and Indian War (a part of the Seven Years’ War in Europe). Smallpox devastated native communities even located far from European settlements by the 1640s. The Lenni-Lenape tribe is also committed to promoting university and college education. Agricultural land was managed by women and allotted according to the subsistence needs of their extended families. They are as follows: Food, clothing, homes, weapons and culture of the Lenape people. See more ideas about Delaware indians, Native american indians, Native american history. Learn how your comment data is processed. Their dire situation was exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts. Since the land in question did not belong to their polities, the talks came to nothing. Subsequently, the Lenape became subjugated and made tributary to first the Susquehannocks, then the Iroquois, even needing their rivals’ agreement to initiate treaties such as land sales. Find out the complete information about a Native American tribe on Facts about Lenni Lenape. The older reference of these people is the Lenape or Lenni Lenape. The main trade route of the Lenape ran along Bowling Green and Broadway. The Lenape’s quick adoption of trade goods, and their need to trap furs to meet high European demand, resulted in their disastrous over-harvesting of the beaver population in the lower Hudson Valley. Some Lanape remained in New Jersey and formed two groups: The Naticoke Lanni-Lanape and The Nanticoke Lenni-Lanape Triba… They also planted squash, whose broad leaves cut down on weeds and conserved moisture in the soil. as it starts to get chilly outside instead of “Brr!”. This land was purchased from the Lenape after the fact. The Lenape Indians — also known as the Lennapi, Lenni Lenape and the Delaware Indians — once lived in the mid-Atlantic region of North America, in what would become New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware. They are also called Delaware Indians and their historical territory included present-day New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed, New York City, western Long Island, and the Lower Hudson Valley. This program is supported, in part, by the Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation, the New York State Council on the Arts with support of Governor Andrew Cuomo, and public funds from the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs. The divisions and troubles of the American Revolutionary War and United States’ independence pushed them farther west. Calling all flubber lubbers! Based on the historical record of the mid-seventeenth century, it has been estimated that most Lenape polities consisted of several hundred people but it is conceivable that some had been considerably larger prior to close contact, given the wars between the Susquehannocks and the Iroquois, both of whom were armed by the Dutch fur traders, while the Lenape were at odds with the Dutch and so lost that particular arms race. Sponsored Links Additional Resources The Delaware Tribe: A History Lenape mythology Lenape words New Jersey Indian tribes In the mid-1730s, colonial administrators produced a draft of a land deed dating to the 1680s. The museum’s permanent and temporary exhibitions—as well as a range of public programs, including music and dance performances, films, and symposia—explore the diversity of the Native people of the Americas. Its’ people, who are ethnically distinct, have been known historically as the Delaware Moors. That means each tribe has its own government, laws, … On the west side, the Delaware people The Lenape lived in numerous small towns along the rivers and streams that fed the waterways, and likely shared the hunting territory of the Schuylkill River watershed with the rival Iroquoian Susquehannock. The Lenape people were forced from their ancestral homelands by the British. Women had knee- or calf-length wrap-around skirts and wore fur robes in winter, or a beautiful mantle made from turkey feathers. From the early 1600’s, the European settlers called the Lenape people “Delaware Indians.” Three main dialect clans, each made up of smaller independent but interrelated communities, extended from the northern part of our ancient homeland at the headwaters of the Delaware River down to the Delaware Bay. The Penns and their supporters tried to present this draft as a legitimate deed. Today, they are considered as the Delaware people or nation. The principal Native American tribe was the Lenni Lenape, translated either as "original people" or "true men" and considered to be part of the larger Algonquin tribe. Early Colonial Era: At the time of sustained European contact in the 16th centuries and 17th centuries, the Lenape were a powerful Native American nation who inhabited a region on the mid-Atlantic coast spanning the latitudes of southern Massachusetts to the southern extent of Delaware in what anthropologists call the Northeastern Woodlands. The clothing of the Lenape was simple. The Lenni Lenape tribe has a lot of historical significance in the Neshaminy community, considering that the land that the high school is built on once belonged to the tribe. Lenape History for Children & Elementary Teachers & Parents with activities. Lenape population fell sharply during this period, due to high fatalities from epidemics of infectious diseases carried by Europeans, such as measles and smallpox, to which they had no natural immunity, as the diseases had arisen on the Asian continent and moved west into Europe, where they had become endemic in the cities. Like most tribes, Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseases originating in Europe, mainly smallpox but also cholera, influenza and dysentery, and recurrent violent racial conflict with Europeans. See the bottom of this page for a further explanation of the purpose of this web site. In their gardens the Lenape Indians planted corn, beans, and squash. Today three Lenape tribes are federally recognized in the United States. Read… Read more, Chinatown's thriving art scene will be on display during our NYC Cultural Festival on Sunday, January 26, to coincide with Lunar New Year. Lenape Programs: School presentations on Lenape culture and history by a Lenape descendant. About 6,000 years ago, the Lenape Indians settled in what is now the U.S. States of New York, Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.They fished and hunted and collected seeds, roots, and nuts. We are partnering with Redhawk Native American Arts Council, a nonprofit organization founded and maintained by Native American artists and educators residing in the New York City area, to present workshops inspired by traditional and contemporary arts practices from the Indigenous community. The colony had a short life, as in 1632 a local band of Lenape killed the 32 Dutch settlers after a misunderstanding escalated over Lenape defacement of the insignia of the Dutch West India Company. They primarily hunted and fished during the rest of the year. Part of the Algonquin Nation, the Lenape Indians were respected as peacemakers, often called upon to negotiate between rival tribes. Vegetables were eaten as soon as they were ripe, or some were also stored away for the wintertime. During the Beaver Wars in the first half of the 17th century, European colonists were careful to keep firearms from the coastally located Delaware,while rival Iroquoian peoples such as the Susquehannocks and Confederation of the Iroquois became comparatively well armed. Lenape Tribe Facts: History. “Even after all that has happened to us — there were thousands [of Lenapes] when the ships [migrating from Europe] first came — we are still here.”. Lenape kinship system has matrilineal clans, that is, children belong to their mother’s clan, from which they gain social status and identity. , included all of what is now New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania, southeastern New York State, northern Delaware and a small section of southeastern Connecticut. William Penn had approached several leaders of Lenape polities in the lower Delaware to discuss land sales further north. Three Lenape tribes are federally recognized in the United States. According to Dutch settler Isaac de Rasieres, who observed the Lenape in 1628, the Lenape’s primary crop was maize, which they planted in March. They are also called Delaware Indians and their historical territory included present-day New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed, New York City, western Long Island, and the Lower … “the river that flows both ways,” because the river changes its flow from north to south following the Atlantic tides. Dutch settlers also founded a colony at present-day Lewes, Delaware on June 3, 1631 and named it Zwaanendael (Swan Valley). A peace treaty was negotiated between the newly arriving English and Lenape at what is now known as Penn Treaty Park. They have not yet achieved federal recognition. His new colony effectively displaced many Lenape and forced others to adapt to new cultural demands. As he explained it, they originally occupied unfortified hamlets, generally made up of extended family units of about 100 people. Ears of corn were tied … A common reaction of surprise in Lenape is, We learned about the Lenape in Lower Manhattan from the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution, a museum located just south of CMA in Manhattan. The Lenape Indian Tribe of Delaware. This site is not sponsored by nor is it affiliated with any Lenape-Delaware Tribe or Nation nor by any other Native American organization. Get in the spirit of the Year of the Rat by planning… Read more. Like most Native American tribes, the Delaware Indian tribes are autonomous. The tribe is made up of descendants of Algonquian-speaking Nanticoke and Lenape peoples who remained in, or returned to, their ancient homeland at the Delaware Bay. Copyright © 2021 The History Junkie | Bamboo on Trellis Framework by Mediavine, The History Junkie's Guide to Connecticut Genealogy, Family Search – Lenape and Delaware Indian Genealogy, William Penn’s Description of Lenape Indians, The History Junkie’s Guide to Native American History, The History Junkie’s List of Native American Tribes, The History Junkie’s Guide to Colonial America, Eight Reasons The Americans Won The Revolutionary War, Middle Colonies Facts, Economy, and Influence, Delaware Tribe of Indians, Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Their bands lived in numerous villages around their main village of Coshocton. 21st Century Look at a Lenape Tribe in Berks County: Lesson plan on the history and culture of the Pennsylvania Lenape people. Arts education to underserved children and families in NYC federally recognized in the Lower Delaware River Bonavita board! North from what is now known as Penn treaty Park you know that the flubber is... 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